Price Volume Trend Strategy

Author: ChaoZhang, Date: 2023-12-25 13:09:48



This strategy uses momentum indicators to track short-term price movements and determine market trend directions for buy and sell operations. The strategy name “Price Volume Trend Strategy” reflects the idea of using price changes and volume changes to judge the trend.


The strategy first calculates the momentum of prices. By calculating the difference between the current period price and the previous period price, it can reflect the absolute change in prices over the latest period. A positive value indicates a price increase, and a negative value indicates a price decrease. Then the moving average of this difference value is calculated for filtering to obtain the average momentum indicator.

When the latest price is greater than the average momentum, it indicates that the price is rising. When the latest price is less than the average momentum, it indicates that the price is falling. Determine the price trend direction based on this indicator. Combined with volume amplification filtering, only signals with relatively large trading volumes are selected in actual trading.

According to the identified upward and downward price trends, corresponding buy and sell operations are carried out.

Advantage Analysis

  • The strategy judges trends quickly and can quickly capture short-term price movements, which is suitable for short-term operations
  • Avoid being misled by false breakouts through volume filtering
  • Implemented the operating logic of chasing rises and killing falls
  • High trading frequency, suitable for aggressive investors

Risk Analysis

  • Vulnerable to the impact of abnormal market fluctuations, with certain false signal risks
  • Slippage risks caused by frequent trading
  • May miss medium and long term trends, and long-term profitability needs to be verified

Optimization Directions

  • Adjust the parameters of momentum indicators to optimize judgment effects
  • Optimize volume filtering parameters to improve signal quality
  • Increase stop-loss mechanisms to control single loss
  • Incorporate more factors to ensure multi-factor driven


The strategy overall tracks short-term price change trends through momentum indicators, and quickly determines entry and exit timing. The advantages are fast operation, chasing rises and killing falls. The disadvantages are signal quality and long-term profitability need to be examined. Through parameter adjustments and enhanced risk control mechanisms, the strategy can become an important component of high-frequency strategies, combined with other low-frequency strategies.

start: 2022-12-18 00:00:00
end: 2023-12-24 00:00:00
period: 1d
basePeriod: 1h
exchanges: [{"eid":"Futures_Binance","currency":"BTC_USDT"}]

// This source code is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public License 2.0 at
// © russtic


strategy("HA smoothed eliminator v2  ",pyramiding=1, slippage=10, default_qty_type=strategy.percent_of_equity, 
     commission_type=strategy.commission.percent, commission_value=0.075, overlay=true, 
     default_qty_value=100, initial_capital=1000)

FromMonth1 = input(defval=1, title="From Month", minval=1, maxval=12)
FromDay1 = input(defval=1, title="From Day", minval=1, maxval=31)
FromYear1 = input(defval=2019, title="From Year", minval=2010)
ToMonth1 = input(defval=12, title="To Month", minval=1, maxval=12)
ToDay1 = input(defval=31, title="To Day", minval=1, maxval=31)
ToYear1 = input(defval=2020, title="To Year", minval=2010)
start1 = timestamp(FromYear1, FromMonth1, FromDay1, 00, 00)
finish1 = timestamp(ToYear1, ToMonth1, ToDay1, 23, 59)
window1() => true
t1 = time(timeframe.period, "0300-1200")
t2 = time(timeframe.period, "0930-1700")
London = na(t1) ? na : green
NY = na(t2) ? na : red

bgcolor(London, title="London")
bgcolor(NY, title="New York")
// HA smoothed

len=(1 )

haclose = (o+h+l+c)/4
haopen = na(haopen[1]) ? (o + c)/2 : (haopen[1] + haclose[1]) / 2
hahigh = max (h, max(haopen,haclose))
halow = min (l, min(haopen,haclose))

o2=ema(haopen, len2)
c2=ema(haclose, len2)
h2=ema(hahigh, len2)
l2=ema(halow, len2)

buy= (o2<c2) 

closebuy= (o2>c2)

sell= (o2>c2)

closesell= (o2<c2)


//                  MERGE SCRIPTS
a1= o2<c2
is_uptrend = (a1)// and (p> 0)
is_downtrend =  (b1)// and (p <0)
barcolor(b1 ? red: a1 ? lime : blue)


// =========================start     PVT -GIVES EACH BAR A VALUE
facton = (true)//, title="arrow elimination (factor) on ")
Length1 = 2//input(2, title="PVT Length", minval=1)

xPrice = close//input(title="Source", type=source, defval=close)
xsma = wma(xPrice, Length1) 
nRes = xPrice - xsma  
pos = iff(nRes > 0, 1,
	     iff(nRes < 0, -1, nz(pos[1], 0))) 
forex= input(true, title = 'strength toggle ')
forexyes = (forex == true)? 10000 : (forex == false)? 1: na

plot(nRes*forexyes , color=aqua, title="strength", transp=100)
// =========================         end pvt
//=============================     start factor // ELIMINATES  weak signals
//                  start trend
factor = input(600.00, title = "strength elimination") 
factor1 = factor - (factor*2)//input(-100.00, title = "sell strength elimination ") 
facton1 = (facton == true) and is_uptrend == 1 and nRes*forexyes>factor ? 1 : (facton == true) and is_downtrend == 1 and nRes*forexyes<factor1 ? -1 : (facton == false)
// ==================== =====
//===========================    end factor
nRestrend = (nRes*forexyes)
//=========================== plot arrows 
plot1 = iff(is_uptrend[1] == 1, 0 , 1)  
plot2 = iff(is_downtrend[1]  == 1, 0 , 1)
uparrowcond =  is_downtrend ? false : nz(uparrowcond[1], false) == true ? uparrowcond[1] : (facton1 and is_uptrend and nRes*forexyes>factor)
downarrowcond =  is_uptrend ? false : nz(downarrowcond[1], false) == true ? downarrowcond[1] : (facton1 and is_downtrend and nRes*forexyes<factor1)
//prevarrowstate = uparrowcond  ? 1 : downarrowcond ? -1 : nz(prevarrowstate[1], 0)

candledir = (open < close)? 1: (open>close)? -1 : na // ONLY OPENS ON SAME BAR DIRECTION AS SIGNAL

up=nz(uparrowcond[1], false) == false and ( is_uptrend and nRes*forexyes>factor) and candledir ? 1:na
dn=nz(downarrowcond[1], false) == false and ( is_downtrend and nRes*forexyes<factor1) and candledir? -1:na

if up==1 
    if dn==-1
plotarrow(sig[1]!=1 and sig==1?1:na, title="BUY ARROW", colorup=lime, maxheight=80, minheight=50, transp=0)// up arrow 
plotarrow(sig[1]!=-1 and sig==-1?-1:na, title="SELL ARROW", colordown=red, maxheight=80, minheight=50, transp=0)// down arrow

//========================= alert condition
alertcondition(sig[1]!=1 and sig==1?1:na, title="BUY eliminator", message="BUY " ) 
alertcondition(sig[1]!=-1 and sig==-1?-1:na, title="SELL eliminator",  message="SELL ") 

strategy.entry("B", true, when=(sig[1]!=1 and sig==1?1:na) and window1())
strategy.entry("S", false,when=(sig[1]!=-1 and sig==-1?-1:na) and window1())