This strategy is a momentum strategy based on moving average lines. It generates trading signals by calculating simple moving averages of different periods and comparing their crossover situations. Specifically, when the short-term moving average line crosses above the long-term moving average line, a buy signal is generated; when the short-term moving average line crosses below the long-term moving average line, a sell signal is generated.
The core logic of this strategy is based on the momentum effect, which is the persistence of stock price trends. Moving average lines can effectively reflect the change trend of stock prices. When the short-term moving average line crosses above the long-term moving average line, it means that the stock price starts to enter an upward trend; on the contrary, when the short-term moving average line crosses below the long-term moving average line, it means that the stock price starts to enter a downward trend. This strategy generates trading signals based on this principle.
Specifically, a 13-day simple moving average and a 34-day simple moving average are defined in the strategy. After calculating these two moving averages based on the daily closing price, their magnitude relationship is compared. If the 13-day line crosses above the 34-day line, a buy signal is generated, indicating that the stock price enters an upward trend and a long position should be established; if the 13-day line crosses below the 34-day line, a sell signal is generated, indicating that the stock price enters a downward trend and the position should be closed out.
The biggest advantage of this strategy is that it is simple and easy to understand and implement. The moving average line is one of the most basic and commonly used technical indicators. Its principle is simple and easy to understand and apply. At the same time, the moving average line crossover signal has also been proven effective through long-term practice.
In addition, the parameter setting of this strategy is flexible and can be adjusted according to different varieties and market conditions. For example, the cycle parameters of the moving average line can be changed to adjust the sensitivity of the strategy. This provides room for strategy optimization and adjustment.
The biggest risk of this strategy is that there may be more false signals and getting caught in range-bound markets. When prices fluctuate sharply, moving average lines may produce frequent crossovers, resulting in false signals. At this point, you need to adjust the cycle parameters of the moving average line to filter out some noise.
In addition, when there is a larger market reversal, the stop loss point of the strategy may be broken through, resulting in larger losses. This requires optimizing the stop loss strategy and appropriately relaxing the stop loss range.
The following aspects of this strategy can be optimized:
Optimize the cycle parameters of the moving average line to find the optimal combination of parameters for different varieties and market conditions.
Add filtration of other technical indicators such as MACD and KD to avoid generating false signals in range-bound markets.
Optimize and dynamically adjust the stop loss strategy to avoid the stop loss point being too close while ensuring the stop loss, with a higher probability of being broken through.
Increase position management mechanisms such as fixed investment and position ratio to control single transaction risk.
This strategy is a very classic moving average crossover strategy. It generates buy and sell signals by calculating and comparing the relationship between short-term and long-term moving averages. The advantages of this strategy are simple, flexible parameters, and suitable for beginners to learn; the disadvantages are that the signals may not be stable enough and it is easy to get caught in range-bound markets. With proper optimization, it can still become a very practical quantitative strategy.
/*backtest start: 2023-01-16 00:00:00 end: 2024-01-22 00:00:00 period: 1d basePeriod: 1h exchanges: [{"eid":"Futures_Binance","currency":"BTC_USDT"}] */ //@version=3 // TODO: update strategy name strategy("{STRATEGY NAME}", overlay=true) // === TA LOGIC === // // // TODO: PUT YOUR TA LOGIC HERE LONG_SIGNAL_BOOLEAN = crossover(sma(close, 13), sma(close, 34)) SHORT_SIGNAL_BOOLEAN = crossunder(sma(close, 12), sma(close, 21)) // === INPUT BACKTEST DATE RANGE === enableShorts = input(false, title="Enable short entries?") FromMonth = input(defval = 5, title = "From Month", minval = 1, maxval = 12) FromDay = input(defval = 18, title = "From Day", minval = 1, maxval = 31) FromYear = input(defval = 2018, title = "From Year", minval = 2017) ToMonth = input(defval = 9, title = "To Month", minval = 1, maxval = 12) ToDay = input(defval = 1, title = "To Day", minval = 1, maxval = 31) ToYear = input(defval = 2018, title = "To Year", minval = 2017) start = timestamp(FromYear, FromMonth, FromDay, 00, 00) // backtest start window finish = timestamp(ToYear, ToMonth, ToDay, 23, 59) // backtest finish window window() => true // create function "within window of time" // === STRATEGY BUY / SELL ENTRIES === // TODO: update the placeholder LONG_SIGNAL_BOOLEAN and SHORT_SIGNAL_BOOLEAN to signal // long and short entries buy() => window() and LONG_SIGNAL_BOOLEAN sell() => window() and SHORT_SIGNAL_BOOLEAN if buy() strategy.entry("Long", strategy.long, comment="Long") if sell() if (enableShorts) strategy.entry("Short", strategy.short, comment="Short") else strategy.close("Long") // === BACKTESTING: EXIT strategy === sl_inp = input(10, title='Stop Loss %', type=float)/100 tp_inp = input(30, title='Take Profit %', type=float)/100 stop_level = strategy.position_avg_price * (1 - sl_inp) take_level = strategy.position_avg_price * (1 + tp_inp) strategy.exit("Stop Loss/Profit", "Long", stop=stop_level, limit=take_level)