Cross-Timeframe Momentum Tracking Strategy

Author: ChaoZhang, Date: 2024-02-01 10:21:09



This strategy combines the 123 reversal and MACD indicators to achieve cross-timeframe momentum tracking. The 123 reversal determines short-term trend reversal points, and the MACD determines medium- and long-term trends. The combination generates long/short signals that lock in medium- and long-term trends while capturing short-term reversals.

Strategy Logic

The strategy consists of two parts:

  1. 123 reversal part: it generates buy/sell signals when the last two candlesticks form a peak/trough AND the Stochastics oscillator is below/above 50.

  2. MACD part: it generates buy signals when the MACD line crosses above the signal line, and sell signals when it crosses below.

The final signal is triggered when both parts agree on the direction of the trade.

Advantage Analysis

The strategy combines short-term reversals and medium- to long-term trends, allowing it to lock in trended moves. This improves win rates, especially in ranging markets where the 123 reversal helps filter out noise.

Parameters can also be tuned to balance reversal and trend signals for different market conditions.

Risk Analysis

The strategy has some time lag, especially with longer MACD periods, which may cause missing short-term moves. Reversals also have some degree of randomness, leading to whipsaws.

Shortening the MACD period or adding stops can help control risks.

Optimization Directions

Possible ways to optimize the strategy:

  1. Tune 123 reversal parameters to improve reversals.

  2. Tune MACD parameters to improve trend identification.

  3. Add filters with other indicators to improve performance.

  4. Add stop loss to control risks.


The strategy combines parameters across timeframes along with multiple technical indicators for cross-timeframe momentum tracking, balancing the pros of reversal and trend-following strategies. Parameter tuning and more indicators or stops can further optimize it. The concept has great potential.

start: 2024-01-01 00:00:00
end: 2024-01-31 00:00:00
period: 1h
basePeriod: 15m
exchanges: [{"eid":"Futures_Binance","currency":"BTC_USDT"}]

//  Copyright by HPotter v1.0 28/01/2021
// This is combo strategies for get a cumulative signal. 
// First strategy
// This System was created from the Book "How I Tripled My Money In The 
// Futures Market" by Ulf Jensen, Page 183. This is reverse type of strategies.
// The strategy buys at market, if close price is higher than the previous close 
// during 2 days and the meaning of 9-days Stochastic Slow Oscillator is lower than 50. 
// The strategy sells at market, if close price is lower than the previous close price 
// during 2 days and the meaning of 9-days Stochastic Fast Oscillator is higher than 50.
// Second strategy
// MACD – Moving Average Convergence Divergence. The MACD is calculated 
// by subtracting a 26-day moving average of a security's price from a 
// 12-day moving average of its price. The result is an indicator that 
// oscillates above and below zero. When the MACD is above zero, it means 
// the 12-day moving average is higher than the 26-day moving average. 
// This is bullish as it shows that current expectations (i.e., the 12-day 
// moving average) are more bullish than previous expectations (i.e., the 
// 26-day average). This implies a bullish, or upward, shift in the supply/demand 
// lines. When the MACD falls below zero, it means that the 12-day moving average 
// is less than the 26-day moving average, implying a bearish shift in the 
// supply/demand lines.
// A 9-day moving average of the MACD (not of the security's price) is usually 
// plotted on top of the MACD indicator. This line is referred to as the "signal" 
// line. The signal line anticipates the convergence of the two moving averages 
// (i.e., the movement of the MACD toward the zero line).
// Let's consider the rational behind this technique. The MACD is the difference 
// between two moving averages of price. When the shorter-term moving average rises 
// above the longer-term moving average (i.e., the MACD rises above zero), it means 
// that investor expectations are becoming more bullish (i.e., there has been an 
// upward shift in the supply/demand lines). By plotting a 9-day moving average of 
// the MACD, we can see the changing of expectations (i.e., the shifting of the 
// supply/demand lines) as they occur.
// - For purpose educate only
// - This script to change bars colors.
Reversal123(Length, KSmoothing, DLength, Level) =>
    vFast = sma(stoch(close, high, low, Length), KSmoothing) 
    vSlow = sma(vFast, DLength)
    pos = 0.0
    pos := iff(close[2] < close[1] and close > close[1] and vFast < vSlow and vFast > Level, 1,
	         iff(close[2] > close[1] and close < close[1] and vFast > vSlow and vFast < Level, -1, nz(pos[1], 0))) 

MACD(fastLength,slowLength,signalLength) =>
    pos = 0.0
    fastMA = ema(close, fastLength)
    slowMA = ema(close, slowLength)
    macd = fastMA - slowMA
    signal = sma(macd, signalLength)
    pos:= iff(signal < macd , 1,
	       iff(signal > macd, -1, nz(pos[1], 0))) 

strategy(title="Combo Backtest 123 Reversal & MACD Crossover", shorttitle="Combo", overlay = true)
line1 = input(true, "---- 123 Reversal ----")
Length = input(14, minval=1)
KSmoothing = input(1, minval=1)
DLength = input(3, minval=1)
Level = input(50, minval=1)
fastLength = input(8, minval=1)
slowLength = input(16,minval=1)
xSeria = input(title="Source", type=input.source, defval=close)
reverse = input(false, title="Trade reverse")
posReversal123 = Reversal123(Length, KSmoothing, DLength, Level)
posMACD = MACD(fastLength,slowLength, signalLength)
pos = iff(posReversal123 == 1 and posMACD == 1 , 1,
	   iff(posReversal123 == -1 and posMACD == -1, -1, 0)) 
possig = iff(reverse and pos == 1, -1,
          iff(reverse and pos == -1 , 1, pos))	   
if (possig == 1) 
    strategy.entry("Long", strategy.long)
if (possig == -1)
    strategy.entry("Short", strategy.short)	 
if (possig == 0) 
barcolor(possig == -1 ? #b50404: possig == 1 ? #079605 : #0536b3 )