Pivot Points Breakout Strategy

Author: ChaoZhang, Date: 2023-12-12 16:47:17



The Pivot Points Breakout Strategy is a quantitative trading strategy that uses pivot points calculated based on the previous day’s high, low and close prices, as well as upper and lower rails, to determine market trends and make trading decisions. The main idea of this strategy is to go long when prices break through the upper rail and go short when prices break through the lower rail.

Strategy Principle

The calculation formulas for the Pivot Points Breakout Strategy are as follows:

Pivot Price (PP) = (Previous day’s high + Previous day’s low + Previous day’s close) / 3

First Resistance (R1) = (Pivot Price * 2) - Previous day’s low

First Support (S1) = (Pivot Price * 2) - Previous day’s high

The logic for trade signals is:

If close > First Resistance (R1), go long

If close < First Support (S1), go short

The main advantages of this strategy are:

  1. Uses previous day’s data to calculate pivot points, responsive
  2. High probability of forming strong trends after breaking through upper/lower rails
  3. Simple and clear strategy rules, easy to implement

Advantage Analysis

The Pivot Points Breakout Strategy has the following advantages:

  1. The calculation formula is simple and easy to implement. It only requires the previous day’s high, low and close prices to calculate the pivot points and upper/lower rails.

  2. It responds quickly. The pivot points and upper/lower rails update daily and can quickly capture price changes.

  3. It captures trends early. Prices breaking through the upper/lower rails represent significant changes that may form new trends.

  4. It has small drawdowns. Setting stop loss can limit downside risk.

  5. It is easy to optimize. Parameters can be adjusted such as using different period data to calculate the pivot points.

Risk Analysis

The Pivot Points Breakout Strategy also has some risks:

  1. Wrong breakout risk. Prices may temporarily break out incorrectly, leading to trading losses.

  2. Market fluctuation risk. When the market fluctuates for an extended time, prices may touch the upper/lower rails multiple times leading to losses.

  3. Parameter risk. If parameters are set inappropriately, such as the trading period is too short, it may also increase losses.


  1. Set stop loss/take profit to strictly control risks.

  2. Optimize parameters, adjust cycle length.

  3. Combine with other indicators to filter signals.

Optimization Directions

The Pivot Points Breakout Strategy can also be optimized in the following aspects:

  1. Cycle optimization. Test using longer cycle data such as weekly or monthly to calculate the pivot points.

  2. Parameter optimization. Test adjusting the parameter values for the upper/lower rails, such as 1.5 or 2.5 etc.

  3. Filter optimization. Combine with moving averages and other indicators to filter erroneous signals.

  4. Risk control optimization. Set dynamic stop loss/take profit mechanisms, adjust stop loss price based on market changes.


Overall, the Pivot Points Breakout Strategy is a relatively simple and practical trend following strategy. It responds quickly to market changes and can effectively capture new trend formations. But there are also certain risks of wrong signals. By optimizing parameters, filtering signals and implementing risk control measures, the advantages can be maintained while controlling potential risks to improve the stability and profitability of the strategy.

start: 2022-12-05 00:00:00
end: 2023-12-11 00:00:00
period: 1d
basePeriod: 1h
exchanges: [{"eid":"Futures_Binance","currency":"BTC_USDT"}]

//  Copyright by HPotter v1.0 27/06/2018
// The name ‘Floor-Trader Pivot,’ came from the fact that Pivot points can 
// be calculated quickly, on the fly using price data from the previous day 
// as an input. Although time-frames of less than a day can be used, Pivots are 
// commonly plotted on the Daily Chart; using price data from the previous day’s 
// trading activity. 
// You can change long to short in the Input Settings
// - For purpose educate only
// - This script to change bars colors.
strategy(title="Floor Pivot Points Backtest", shorttitle="FPP", overlay = true)
xHigh  = request.security(syminfo.tickerid,"D", high[1])
xLow   = request.security(syminfo.tickerid,"D", low[1])
xClose = request.security(syminfo.tickerid,"D", close[1])
reverse = input(false, title="Trade reverse")
vPP = (xHigh+xLow+xClose) / 3
vR1 = (vPP * 2) - xLow
vS1 = (vPP * 2) - xHigh
pos = iff(close > vR1, 1,
       iff(close < vS1, -1, nz(pos[1], 0))) 
possig = iff(reverse and pos == 1, -1,
          iff(reverse and pos == -1, 1, pos))	   
if (possig == 1) 
    strategy.entry("Long", strategy.long)
if (possig == -1)
    strategy.entry("Short", strategy.short)	   	    
barcolor(possig == -1 ? red: possig == 1 ? green : blue )