XAUUSD 1-Minute Scalping Strategy

Author: ChaoZhang, Date: 2024-03-29 15:03:04



The “XAUUSD 1-Minute Scalping Strategy” is a short-term trading strategy specifically designed for the XAUUSD forex currency pair on the 1-minute timeframe. The strategy utilizes a combination of Average True Range (ATR) and Exponential Moving Averages (EMA) to capture price movements in volatile market conditions, enabling quick entries and exits to achieve consistent profits. By dynamically adjusting stop-loss (SL) and take-profit (TP) levels, along with using the crossover signals of fast and slow EMA lines as entry triggers, the strategy aims to maximize returns while managing risks.

Strategy Principles

The strategy is built upon the following principles:

  1. Using a 14-period ATR to calculate dynamic stop-loss and take-profit levels, adapting to changes in market volatility.
  2. Employing the crossover of 14-period and 28-period EMA lines as entry signals, going long when the fast line crosses above the slow line and going short when the fast line crosses below the slow line.
  3. Drawing stop-loss and take-profit lines on the chart to visually display the risk-reward ratio of each trade.
  4. Clearly identifying entry points with arrow markers, facilitating quick trading decisions for traders.

The strategy is coded in Pine Script, with the main logic as follows:

  1. Calculate the 14-period ATR value and use it to determine dynamic stop-loss and take-profit prices.
  2. Calculate 14-period and 28-period EMAs to generate trading signals.
  3. Detect EMA crossovers to generate long or short signals.
  4. Plot trade arrows, stop-loss lines, and take-profit lines to visually present trading opportunities.
  5. Set a percentage risk exposure to control the risk of each trade.

Overall, the strategy combines technical indicators organically to capture price fluctuations within a short timeframe, making it suitable for investors seeking high-frequency trading.

Strategy Advantages

  1. Short-term trading: The strategy is specifically designed for the 1-minute timeframe, allowing for quick responses to market changes and capturing short-term trading opportunities.
  2. Dynamic stop-loss and take-profit: By using the ATR indicator to calculate dynamic stop-loss and take-profit levels, the strategy better adapts to changes in market volatility, controlling risks while seeking higher profits.
  3. Trend following: The strategy determines trend direction through the crossover of fast and slow EMA lines, enabling it to align with the current trend and improve the success rate of trades.
  4. Visual representation: The strategy plots clear trading signals, stop-loss, and take-profit lines on the chart, providing traders with intuitive trading references.
  5. Risk control: The strategy manages funds based on a fixed percentage, effectively controlling the risk exposure of each trade.

Strategy Risks

  1. Frequent trading: As the strategy operates on the 1-minute timeframe, it may generate a high trading frequency, increasing transaction costs and potential slippage risks. These risks can be mitigated by appropriately adjusting parameters or introducing filtering conditions to reduce overtrading.
  2. Choppy markets: In choppy market conditions, signals generated by EMA crossovers may be misleading. Introducing additional trend confirmation indicators or market condition assessment can help improve signal quality.
  3. Single currency pair: The strategy is designed solely for XAUUSD, potentially exposing it to single market risk. It is advisable to combine it with other currency pairs or asset classes for appropriate diversification.
  4. Parameter optimization: The strategy parameters (such as ATR multiplier, EMA periods, etc.) may lose effectiveness over time. Regular backtesting and parameter optimization can help maintain the strategy’s efficacy.

Strategy Optimization Directions

  1. Introducing trend filters: In addition to EMA crossover signals, incorporate longer-period moving averages or other trend indicators to filter out false signals in choppy markets.
  2. Dynamic parameter optimization: Establish a dynamic parameter selection mechanism for different market states (such as trending, ranging, high/low volatility, etc.) to make the strategy adaptable to market changes.
  3. Multi-timeframe confirmation: Combine signals from multiple timeframes for trading decisions. For example, wait for a 5-minute EMA crossover confirmation after a 1-minute EMA crossover to improve signal reliability.
  4. Risk management optimization: Build upon the existing fixed percentage risk approach and explore more advanced money management methods, such as the Kelly Criterion or dynamic volatility adjustment, to enhance the strategy’s risk-adjusted returns.
  5. Portfolio trading: Combine this strategy with other short-term or medium-term strategies suitable for gold trading to discover more diversified trading opportunities and spread the risk of relying on a single strategy.


The “XAUUSD 1-Minute Scalping Strategy” is a short-term trading strategy based on ATR and EMA indicators, tailored for gold (XAUUSD) trading. The strategy leverages the principles of dynamic stop-loss and take-profit levels and trend following to quickly capture price fluctuations. It controls risk through clear trade signal presentation and fixed-ratio money management. The strategy’s strengths lie in its adaptability to short-term trading, dynamic adjustments, and visual representation. However, it also faces risks such as frequent trading, misleading signals in choppy markets, and parameter ineffectiveness. Future improvements can be made through trend filtering, dynamic parameter optimization, multi-timeframe confirmation, risk management optimization, and portfolio trading to refine the strategy and pursue more robust trading performance. Overall, this strategy has practical value for short-term trading and merits further exploration and optimization.

start: 2024-02-27 00:00:00
end: 2024-03-28 00:00:00
period: 3h
basePeriod: 15m
exchanges: [{"eid":"Futures_Binance","currency":"BTC_USDT"}]

strategy("XAUUSD Scalper 1m Revisi", overlay=true)

// Menggunakan ATR untuk SL dan TP dinamis
float atr = ta.atr(14)
float slMultiplier = 30
float tpMultiplier = 30
float slPrice = atr * slMultiplier
float tpPrice = atr * tpMultiplier

// Menggunakan EMA untuk respons yang lebih cepat
int shortEmaLength = 14
int longEmaLength = 28
emaShort = ta.ema(close, shortEmaLength)
emaLong = ta.ema(close, longEmaLength)

// Kondisi untuk entry
longCondition = ta.crossover(emaShort, emaLong)
shortCondition = ta.crossunder(emaShort, emaLong)

// Fungsi untuk menggambar garis stop loss dan take profit
drawLines(entryPrice, isLong) =>
    slLevel = isLong ? entryPrice - slPrice : entryPrice + slPrice
    tpLevel = isLong ? entryPrice + tpPrice : entryPrice - tpPrice
    // line.new(bar_index, slLevel, bar_index + 1, slLevel, width=2, color=color.red)
    // line.new(bar_index, tpLevel, bar_index + 1, tpLevel, width=2, color=color.green)

// Plot panah untuk entry dan menggambar garis SL dan TP
if (longCondition)
    // label.new(bar_index, low, "⬆️", color=color.green, size=size.large, textcolor=color.white, style=label.style_label_up)
    strategy.entry("Long", strategy.long)
    strategy.exit("Exit Long", "Long", loss=slPrice, profit=tpPrice)
    drawLines(close, true)

if (shortCondition)
    // label.new(bar_index, high, "⬇️", color=color.red, size=size.large, textcolor=color.white, style=label.style_label_down)
    strategy.entry("Short", strategy.short)
    strategy.exit("Exit Short", "Short", loss=slPrice, profit=tpPrice)
    drawLines(close, false)